Fauna and flora


The diversity of natural environments presents rich and fertile flora. Polders and wateringues will no longer be a mystery to you!

Bocage landscape

When going through the hedged farmland (bocage), if you look closely at the hedges, you will notice that hawthorn is the dominant species. Due to its needles, it was used to enclose the plots of land where livestock grazed. In some cases, hedgelaying is used, which makes them impassable. The pollarded willows were used for the production of firewood, among others, and over time tend to become hollow, making homes for species such as the little owl. Farmland and shrubby vegetation such as hedges are complementary environments favourable to the development of the yellowhammer. The ponds serve as a watering place for livestock and allow the development of different species of newt and dragonfly for example.

Water is very present

The wooded areas scattered throughout the landscape serve as shelter for large mammals such as roe deer and wild boars. In spring, you must not miss the magnificent carpets of hyacinth in the wooded areas on the hills.

Water is very present in French Flanders, as testified by the many waterways, springs, ponds and wet areas scattered throughout the landscape. The bluethroat is a beautiful bird which may be seen in these wet areas. The yellow iris is a lovely plant which may be seen near wet areas or ponds, and is more delicate and less common than the flowering rush, which is also very lovely with its small pink flowers.


Prepare and book your stay with our Tourist Offices
Tourist Office "Destination coeur de Flandre"
Bailleul - Cassel - Steenvoorde - Steenwerck
Tourist Office "Haut de Flandre"
Bergues - Esquelbecq - Hondschoote - Volckerinckhove - Watten